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Pointers in Retouching Your Car Paint

You know car paint protection Sydney application is not harmful for your car rather makes your car live longer. As a vehicle owner, you will surely want your car to look new every day. Even the tiny scratches can be an eyesore. A repaint job may be too expensive so it is practical to simply do the repainting. Here are some tips that you can follow from professional painters to make your automobile look new again:

• Scour the areas where there are abrasions with sandpaper. Use the 240-grit variety for minor cuts and the 320-grit when you want to make the affected surface smooth. Deep-seated marks require the 800-grit class of sandpaper.

• Make sure that you wipe away all dust, corrosion and sandpaper residue after the sanding process.

• Rub on the paint primer evenly after cleaning the surface. Use a small brush or matchstick for tiny specks. Do not allow the primer to get mixed with original paint. The next step is to apply the first coating of your paint with care. Let the first coat dry thoroughly before painting the second layer. Follow the same process for the final coat.

• Make it a point to purchase the appropriate colour of your paint. Mix the paint in the bottle and test on a spate surface to find out if the shade matches with the original colour. Most vehicles have a firewall where there is a tiny plate that contains the body and paint code numbers. Bottles of touch-up paint come with brushes so you do not hate to buy a separate applicator.

• When the paint has dried completely, you can put car wax to make your car body glossy once again.

You can manage with manual paint application for small areas. However, if large sections or the entire car body needs to be retouched, it is advisable to make use of spray-painting. This task is quite difficult and should be done in a covered but fully-ventilated corner. As much as possible, the place should be completely free from dust so your paint job will not be spoiled.

It is also practical to hire a professional painter who can carry out the job efficiently. This move will cost you less money and the work can be done faster than if an amateur were to repaint your automobile. You can get in touch with local car suppliers and ask for referrals. Most of these dealers know of cheap painters who can do the work properly within a short duration.

If you want a cheap but decent job that will last a year or so, find out where local car dealers take the used cars they get as trade-ins to have them spiffed up before resale. To save money, you can remove any rust, spot-fill, and paint the small areas yourself, and then have the rest of the job done professionally.

Practice on a piece of scrap metal before you tackle the car, and don’t expect the results to look terrific. Follow these steps:

1. Make sure that the area is rust-free.

If the damage is only a deep scratch or a tiny spot, you may need just a dab of rust arrestor to stop the rust from continuing to form under the new paint.

2. Sand the spot carefully.

Use a small piece of #220 sandpaper to rough up the surface so that the primer adheres properly.

3. Wash the area thoroughly.

Remove any rust arrestor, dust, dirt, filler residue, and wax; then let the area dry completely before you apply the primer. Primer is used to seal a metal surface against rust and to provide a surface for the paint to adhere to. Primer also fills in tiny holes and imperfections in the surface.

If you’re dealing with a surface scratch or a chip that isn’t down to the bare metal, you can probably get away with simply applying the paint. But never apply paint to bare metal or plastic. If a bare spot is exposed, or if the spot is larger than a fraction of an inch, prime the area first.

4. Use a tiny brush or a matchstick to apply the primer sparingly.

You shouldn’t need more than a drop to cover the damaged area. Avoid getting primer on the original paint. If you do, wipe it off immediately. Let the primer dry thoroughly before moving on to the next step.

5. Mix the paint in the touch-up bottle.

Unless your vehicle is very new, the color probably won’t match exactly (which is another reason for keeping the area as small as possible). The paint on new models doesn’t fade as quickly or badly as old paints did.

6. Apply the paint, covering the surface of the spot completely and working inward from the edges.

If you’re painting a scratch or a very small area, you can cut down the brush or use a matchstick or toothpick instead. The paint should be no thicker than the surrounding surface or it will show, run, bubble, or peel off.

7. Wait several days for everything to dry completely.

8. Wax and polish the whole vehicle to blend in the painted area and bring everything to a high gloss.

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Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/John_Z._Alvar/1403925

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Is your car tires safe?

Car paint protection advanced comprehensive vehicle paint protection and interior protection packages have been developed using the most advanced sealant technology available. Do you know most of the car accidents are caused because of one or the other fault in the car tires? Most of the car accident reimbursement that the car owners have to pay to the accident victims or the loss they have to incur in terms of insurance money they get is all due to fault in car tires. So, when you go out to buy a car then with all the factors like performance, brand, price, appearance, comfort, and maybe even safety, do consider the performance and integrity of the car tires as well. Even if you own a pre-owned car do make sure that your car tires are in good condition and match your car type, the kind of use it is put to and the geographical demand of the area where you live.

Reliable Tires

Remember different kinds of vehicle require different kinds of tires. So, you must do some research on your car type and its matching tire type. Do not trust the previous owner if you are buying a used car. Make sure it has compatible car tires. Tires are good for varying conditions, last for varying lengths of time, and cost varying amounts to replace. You must know what type of car tires would work the best in your area. Conditions such as extreme heat, frequent rain or snow, or heavy winter weather are some to consider when you are looking to purchase tires, or to purchase a vehicle with its unique tire needs.

Savings

Buying the appropriate tires for your car ensures lowered risk of mishap thus, lower insurance premium. Again for special usage cars such as race cars you can get a good insurance premium value if you make sure you use tires specifically made for such cars. High performance tires may cost more than the normal tires but using them saves a lot of money. Driving on tires with worn-out tread can be extremely dangerous, especially in severe weather conditions. If any accident is caused in such conditions you will not only loose money in insurance but also have pay from your pocket to reimburse for the damage caused by your car and to your car. Different vehicles need different tires and also come with different insurance rates charged by different companies that insure you and your vehicle under different amounts. Thus, make sure your car tires are safe so that you are saved from insurance hassles later on.

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All Terrain Vehicles – Driving A Dangerous Machine Safely

Car paint protection Adelaide coating is different because it creates a unique plasticised barrier which, unlike wax or polish, molecularly bonds to paintwork, leaving a glass-like finish, which helps prevent oxidising and fading. All terrain vehicles” or ATV is a general term applied on vehicles with three or four low-pressure tires, including amphibious ones. They are designed to travel on inhospitable terrain, and because of this, they are sturdy, stable and supposed to be, safe for rough and rugged ground. However, sturdy as they may be, all terrain vehicles should be operated only by those qualified and skilled enough to do so. Do not attempt it if you are not trained.

How to Operate an All Terrain Vehicle – Driving

• Get acquainted with all terrain vehicles first. Learn as many things as possible about these fascinating, tough machines. Surf the net, read the manuals and slough through magazines about them. Be sure to get to know and ask people who have actually used an ATV.

• Get use to the feel of driving first. First, observe how ATV drivers navigate the rough terrain. Ask them questions if you want. Try seating in one and imagine how you would control it when it is in motion. Do not try to go to really rugged terrain at once. Try the gentler, more manageable terrains in the beginning. Also, do not get on a three-wheel ATV at once. The four-wheel models are more stable and best for beginners. Learn to crawl before you walk.

• Get professional instruction. An all terrain driving instructor can help you learn and master driving an all terrain vehicle. There are also lectures about ATVs which you can attend. You can get reliable recommendations from ATV magazines.

All Terrain Vehicle Driving – Things to Consider

• Your first consideration if you want to drive an all terrain vehicle would be safety. Make sure that you are properly protected from any bump or spill that will most likely occur. Helmets, sturdy shoes, jackets and eye protection should be worn when you are driving an ATV. Injuries and deaths are not uncommon among ATV users.

• Second, you must be skilled and strong enough to control this powerful machine. Never underestimate it. They come with no suspension, except that offered by the tires. They also weigh up to 600 pounds so they are quite difficult to control. You are most likely to be tossed and bumped in all directions and strength to withstand this, and to control the wheel, are absolutely necessary.

•Third, never jeopardize the life of other people by attempting to drive an all terrain vehicle under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Moreover, never let a passenger ride with you especially if you are not that experienced. Most of these vehicles are designed to take on just one person – the driver. If you have to, check with the manufacturer if a passenger is allowed.

ATVs are for the adventurous, rugged type of people who love the challenge of controlling and mastering a powerful machine. It is not for the timid or the weak. But bravery without any ounce of precaution is still quite dangerous. You can enjoy all terrain vehicles but be wise enough to acquire the necessary skill before driving them.

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Arm Yourself With Some Great Travel Advice

Whether you are a seasoned world explorer or planning a first-time getaway, there are many considerations any traveler must make. If you are armed with information about the travels you are interested in taking, the process will be much easier. The following article has great information for anyone who is interested in traveling. In fact, incredible scenes of ski Canada have been captured on film for decades.

Be aware that they are police offers or government officials when you are traveling in a strange city. Do not let anyone your actual passport. Do not get in a vehicle with strangers.

When traveling with young children, it is important to have enough interesting things with you to occupy your toddler during the long trip. Try bring along some of your child’s favorite toys. You may want to purchase a couple of new toy to keep your little one excited.

Check the carrier’s website that you are most interested in to make sure you are getting the best deal. Sometimes they have the discount travel websites.

Bring a book of matches or business card with you explore your destination city.It is very useful for those who haven’t mastered the language.

Sign up for email newsletters from the major airlines. The savings you will enjoy will more than make up for having to deal with a few more items in your email address.

Most car rental outfits do not rent to those under the age of 18, and in some cases it might be 25. You may also need to bring a credit card if you’re not at least 25.Senior citizens are not permitted to rent cars in some cities. Find out about any age issues before you arrive.

Take lots of breaks when driving with small children. Breaks give you the opportunity to stretch your legs and go to the bathroom. Getting little kids out of cars here and there can also help them avoid motion sickness. It takes longer, but it won’t be as stressful.

Many people experience jet lag when they travel to different time zones.You can’t avoid it, so you should try and sleep as much as possible before you leave. You should also try sleeping during the flight if possible.

If you are traveling to a different time zone, you should aim to keep yourself awake until around 8pm local time. Though you may be tired, succumbing to sleep earlier than you should may end up making your jet lag worse because you have not allowed your body to recalibrate.

If you go on a cruise, make sure you talk to other passengers when you’re at any formal dinners. Many ships seat you will get put at a large table with people you are unfamiliar with. Have a positive attitude and talk with all the people you come in contact with. You’ll be seeing them every day, and you might learn something about the ship when you do.

Bring a spare passport photo along on your trip abroad. It can take quite awhile to replace a passport replaced when it has been stolen or lost. You can speed up the process by carryin a spare photo. You should also be carrying photocopies of documentation.

Try to get a room on a high floor. You should also avoid staying in rooms with sliding doors whenever possible. Rooms with these are easier for thieves to break into.

Don’t rush anything on your road trip, especially if another person needs a bathroom break.Your plans are not going to be thwarted by a 10-minute pit stop. This will keep your fellow travelers happy and feeling refreshed.

Don’t forget to bring car seat when you are planning to bring younger children while renting a rental car. When renting a car, so think ahead by bringing your own car seat.

Be candid when taking out travel insurance. Tell your provider of any illness you may have. You’ll be stuck with all of the bill yourself.

Before you travel, research nearby banks for currency exchanges, and you will receive better rates.

This gives you a bit of insurance against any luggage that is lost. If a person’s bags go missing, they will still have a few things available to them. Another great idea to help offset any lost luggage experiences is to always have everyone bring one change of clothing in their carry-on.

If you are planning to travel abroad, you should buy an electrical adapter from a discount store. If you wait and then end up purchasing an adapter from the airport or hotel, you are more than likely going to pay three or four times the normal price.

If you decide on bringing along a pet on your trip, you need to take the time to research hotels that accommodate pets and any fees that may apply to bringing your pet with you.

Frequently, airlines will allow you to select your seat preference for your flight, you can choose a certain seat or area of the plane that you prefer. After booking a flight, keep checking the booking website for seat-picking options as soon as they become available. This can enhance your trip and give you a huge impact on your ability to enjoy your flight.

You will have to plan ahead and make important decisions before you travel. You can greatly simplify the process of making successful travel plans, however, by obtaining the right knowledge and travel advice. Use the tips listed in this guide and you will surely be able to make great travel plans.

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Paint Protection Film in Reservoir

New car paint protection process can now be secured with finishes making use of nanotechnology. Scratches and dents on vehicles are any automobile owner’s nightmare. Nanotechnology is ending up being significantly popular in Melbourne. This service is perfect for paint protection coverings and vehicle paints. In fact, when it concerns Paint Protection Melbourne is ahead of numerous other cities.

Kinds of paint protection:

Nanotechnology based car paint protection can be divided into 2 classifications, i.e., innovation integrated within the automobile paint formula which is utilized as a coating on standard vehicle paint. The second variety is more versatile. It is likewise a blessing for secondhand automobile buyers. Such finishings even more differ in their compositions. Examples of nanotechnology based coverings include ceramic polymer finishes and some nanoparticles containing finishings. The composition of the coverings ultimately determines the effectiveness of the coating.

What nanotechnology based car paints and paint finishings offer:

For starters, these paints and finishes firmly affix the car’s existing paint to the body of the vehicle. Therefore, scratches and swirl marks do not develop on the paint as easily as they would without such technology. Chipping of paints is also not likely with this innovation in the paints or thanks to the coating over the paint.

The nanotechnology based paints and finishings are likewise weatherproof. For that reason, water, heat, ultraviolet light, pollutants and some strong chemicals are not likely to destroy the existing paint on the automobile.

The car’s paint typically starts looking faded after a time period. With this covering, the car looks as glossy as a brand-new automobile.

Cleaning the automobile becomes really easy, and less time taking in too. Bird droppings can also be cleaned extremely easily and will not damage the underlying paint. Likewise, a few of these paints and coverings safeguard the car from scratches.

White paint on automobiles tends to turn yellowish in time. A few of these finishings are specifically developed to prevent this.

Conventionally, waxes and sealants were made use of for keeping water off from the automobile’s body. However these use off within a year approximately, and they have to be used once more a number of times throughout the life expectancy of the automobile. Unlike such waxes and sealants, nanotechnology based automobile paints and paint coverings last for a long period of time, almost for the lifetime of the vehicle. Water, pollutants and some severe chemicals accountable for the corrosion on the metallic frame once the paint wears away. Grime likewise makes the automobile look filthy and cleaning it is not that simple either. But with nanotechnology based automobile paints and paint finishings, cleaning grime and dirt is substantially much easier.

Paint Protection in Melbourne

In Melbourne among the most popular nanotechnology based paint covering is the Ceramic Pro. The producer of this paint covering, which makes the automobile’s outsides gleam like a new car, offers a lifetime guarantee as well. As the name recommends this paint coating consists of a ceramic polymer.

Conclusion:

Nanotechnology is fairly in the market of car paints. It will soon find its method into other paints and lower the requirement to regularly paint automobiles. New techniques are still being studied to make the technology even more reliable and people from Melbourne will be ahead of others in embracing such technologies.

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Luxury Car Detailing

Car paint protection can now be secured with finishings utilizing nanotechnology. Scratches and dents on cars are any automobile owner’s headache. Nanotechnology is becoming increasingly popular in Melbourne. This service is perfect for paint protection finishes and automobile paints. In fact, when it concerns Paint Protection Melbourne is ahead of lots of other cities.

Types of paint protection:

Nanotechnology based vehicle paint protection can be divided into two classifications, i.e., innovation incorporated within the automobile paint formula and that which is utilized as a covering on conventional car paint. The second range is more flexible. It is likewise a true blessing for pre-owned car purchasers. Such coverings further differ in their structures. Examples of nanotechnology based coatings include ceramic polymer coverings and some nanoparticles containing coatings. The composition of the finishes ultimately identifies the effectiveness of the finish.

What nanotechnology based vehicle paints and paint coatings offer:

For beginners, these paints and coverings securely affix the vehicle’s existing paint to the body of the car. For that reason, scratches and swirl marks do not establish on the paint as quickly as they would without such innovation. Breaking of paints is likewise unlikely with this innovation in the paints or thanks to the coating over the paint.

The nanotechnology based paints and finishes are also weatherproof. Therefore, water, heat, ultraviolet light, contaminants and some strong chemicals are unlikely to harm the existing paint on the automobile.

The car’s paint typically begins looking faded after a time period. With this covering, the vehicle looks as shiny as a brand-new vehicle.

Cleaning the car ends up being extremely simple, and less time taking in too. Bird droppings can also be cleaned extremely quickly and will not damage the underlying paint. Likewise, a few of these paints and finishings protect the car from scratches.

White paint on cars has the tendency to turn yellow-colored in time. Some of these finishes are specially created to prevent this.

Traditionally, waxes and sealants were utilized for keeping water off from the vehicle’s body. But these subside within a year or so, and they have to be applied once more a number of times during the life expectancy of the car. Unlike such waxes and sealants, nanotechnology based car paints and paint coatings last for a long period of time, virtually for the lifetime of the car. Water, contaminants and some severe chemicals accountable for the rust on the metallic frame once the paint wears off. Gunk also makes the automobile look dirty and cleaning it is not that easy either. But with nanotechnology based vehicle paints and paint finishings, cleaning gunk and dirt is significantly easier.

Paint Protection in Melbourne

In Melbourne among the most popular nanotechnology based paint finish is the Ceramic Pro. The manufacturer of this paint finish, which makes the vehicle’s outsides shine like a brand-new car, offers a lifetime guarantee too. As the name recommends this paint covering includes a ceramic polymer.

Conclusion:

Nanotechnology is relatively in the market of car paints. It will soon discover its method into other paints and reduce the need to often paint automobiles. New techniques are still being studied making the innovation much more effective and people from Melbourne will be ahead of others in embracing such technologies.

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“Electricity How” – Is That a Question?

The phrase: “Electricity How” – A conundrum at the least?

According to Google 368,000 searches on the keyword phrase “electricity how” were conducted globally in one month. What are people asking or looking for? Electrician Brisbane 24 hours is here to please you, from repairs, Diagnosis rectification work, New Appliances, Air conditioning to switchboard upgrades, safety switch installs

Certainly, electricity is one of the great mysteries.

On the one hand, it is everywhere in our ordinary daily lives. We simply wouldn’t know how to live without it today. Virtually everything we do is powered by electricity.

So, in one sense it is very familiar, and commonplace.

We also know it can be very dangerous, even lethal.

But, what is electricity?

I do not pretend to really understand it. But, I find it fascinating and worthy of discussion and speculation.

To that end, there is a website sited below I find entertaining and stimulating.

One of the missions of this site is to allow people to dialog and speculate and share information and ideas about electricity. Some things will be very down to earth and practical, others very esoteric and almost metaphysical.

This short article is intended to stimulate a discussion and get the ball rolling so to speak. You are invited to participate by leaving comments or contributing guest blogs.

Here are some thoughts from a non-scientist, non-electrician, non-historian, just a humble math teacher.

Our ancestors were vaguely aware of electricity in the form of lightening and static electrical sparks. They also were aware of magnetism via lodestones (were there any other magnetic materials they knew of?). However, they probably didn’t see much connection between these three phenomena. They probably didn’t think these things were very important. Til the house burned down, or the compass failed.

In the 1700’s Ben Franklin began to gain some understanding of electricity to the point he invented the lightning rod and the battery. In fact, one could argue the American Revolution hinged on Ben’s fame as a scientist when he visited France on the Revolution’s behalf.

In the 1800’s the great experimentalist Michael Faraday was the first to demonstrate the intimate connection between electric current and magnetic forces with his discovery of Faraday’s Laws. Then, the great physicist James Clerk Maxwell was able to construct a mathematical model of electromagnetism known as Maxwell’s Equations.

Thus, electricity and magnetism were irrevocably united. Indeed, one can not have one without the other. There is one Electromagnetic force. Magnets move and induce electric current, and current creates magnetic force.

Indeed, Maxwell’s equations became the basis of modern electrical technologies.

Furthermore, Maxwell’s equations yielded the concept of the electromagnetic wave, of which light is just one example. Electromagnetic waves travel at varying frequencies, but with one constant speed which is invariant regardless of the movement of the observer. This speed is called c, the speed of light.

This invariant speed of light in turn led the physicist Albert Einstein to create his famous Theory of Special Relativity in 1905. This totally altered forever our concept of time and space. (General Relativity in 1915 was an even greater tour de force which explained the relationship of mass and gravity to space-time, but that’s another story for another time.)

But, electricity was just getting warmed up!

The best was still ahead.

In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, the greatest electrical engineer of all time, Nikola Tesla, applied Maxwell’s equations and invented the AC electric dynamo which became the basis of our modern industrial revolution. The original was of course driven by mechanical and hydraulical (sic) concepts.

Then came the amazing Richard Feynman, et. al.

Quantum mechanics was developed by several great physicists in the early 1900’s. Guys like Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrödinger, and Dirac developed the quite unintuitive theory of quantum mechanics after Max Planck and Einstein made their observations of the quantum nature of light.

But, how did electricity fit in?

Feynman and others developed the first quantum treatment of electricity and light, known as QED, Quantum Electro Dynamics.

Talk about non-intuitive.

What is an electron?

Is it a point or a wave?

No one really knows. Both, neither, or something wholly mysterious?

When measured it seems to be always an infinitesimally small piece of matter with some mass and something called charge, and “spin”.

But, when observed it seems to somehow travel in all possible paths from one point to another simultaneously with most of the paths somehow canceling out. This is indisputable and is what explains many otherwise mysterious phenomena.

Indeed, it can be experimentally verified that an electron somehow passes through two slits at the same time. This is the famous double slit experiment that verifies the amazing quantum equations governing the electron’s behavior

This can probably be best understood by a layman by reading Feynman’s great book, QED. In my opinion, this is the best “look” into the mind of a genius that exists.

If this confuses you, you are in good company. And, I don’t mean “yours truly” even though I don’t pretend to even begin to understand it all.

And, I haven’t even mentioned Bell’s Theorem which is truly mind blowing. I may discuss it and several other ideas in an expanded article on the website.

Oh yes. The better company?

The brilliant physicist of QED fame, Nobel Prize winner, Richard Feynman, said that anyone who claims to understand QED proves they don’t understand it at all. And, He invented it.

The so called “wave” is a mathematical “fiction”. The electron satisfies a mathematical differential equation called the Schrödinger Wave Equation. But, its solutions are what are called complex functions. They don’t really have any intuitive physical interpretation. The Equation just happens to be similar in form to equations that do represent real physical waves. But, in this situation there is nothing physical they model. Their solution is called “amplitudes”, which yield probabilities when “squared”.

So, here we are in the 21st century. Much of our modern technology, think Laser et al, rests on QED, which in turn is a theory we have no real physical understanding of other that what can be described as “weird” physical experiments.

Of course, nature also depends on this weird physics. Recently, it has been discovered that photosynthesis, the basis of all life on earth, depends on a quantum mechanical effect.

God only knows where Bell’s Theorem will lead us. Perhaps Dr. William Tiller’s great ideas will help us. Another discussion for another day.

Well, this article just scratches the surface of addressing the question of “Electricity How”. I don’t even know whether to end it in a period or question mark.

And, to engage in the further conversation you are invited to visit us at [http://electricityhow.com/] and leave your comments. Oh yes, there is an interesting free report there on Practical Electricity too.

This article was written by Craig Hane, Ph.D., Chairman, QPI, Inc.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Craig_Hane,_Ph.D./743295

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/4906412

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Am I Capable of Installing My Own Salt Pool Chlorinator?

How to Install Your Own Salt Pool Chlorinator System

As with many new technologies, the mystery surrounding saltwater pools has quickly given way to general acceptance and the do-it-yourself crowd has said, “That looks like something I can do myself!” Fortunately, they are correct and people with basic home-handy skills are converting their pools to salt in record numbers, and saving a great deal of money in the process. This article may help you decide if this project is a good fit for you. Today pool removal Sydney is different and more whether we work in a confined place of underground area.

The process of converting a standard chlorine pool to a salt water pool is quite simple and revolves around the installation of a chlorine generator. Remarkably, the pool industry has yet to form a consensus on what to call this category of equipment. Some call them chlorine generators but some refer to them as salt chlorinators. Others still call them saline systems or simply salt pool systems. In some parts of the world, they are known as electrolyzers. They are all the same thing, a device that breaks down salt molecules and releases sanitizer into the pool water. Universally, they have two major components; a power supply and a generating “cell” that the water passes through. On one component or the other, a control allows the user to regulate the amount of sanitizer delivered. Beyond these basics, various brands have an array of differences, mostly in the electronics and in the design of the cell.

Sophisticated salt chlorinators have digital circuitry programmed to monitor the salinity and temperature of the water and provide self-regulated power to the cell. The displays make it easy for the pool owner to know that the unit is functioning normally and provide alerts when it’s time to add more salt. The circuits also apply power to the cell in a way that maximizes cell life. Moreover, modern units all have circuitry that minimizes the need to clean the cell and they work at low salinity levels that are generally safe for all modern pool equipment and finishes. Although the troublesome stories still resonate in some corners, the old days of salt brine tanks with high salinity levers have gone the way of floppy disks. Today’s salt pool systems work with pool water that is less salty than the solution we wash our contacts in. You can’t taste it and you don’t notice anything but a soft sensation to the water. The point is, all of your existing pool equipment is fine. Don’t throw anything away!

Step one to installing your salt chlorinator is probably already done; Make certain that your pool water is balanced. Dust off the test kit and check the PH, Total Alk, and Hardness. If needed, make some adjustments.

Next, add the salt directly to the pool. Depending on your manufacturer, this will require from 30 to 40 pounds of pure salt, per 1000 gallons of water! If you don’t know how many gallons of water are in your pool, you must do the math…there is no “standard size.” For rectangular pools, it’s easy to multiply the average length X average width X average depth and then multiply times 7.5. For other shapes, there are many online resources that provide various formulas. Pool salt is available everywhere these days. All the home improvement centers, hardware stores, and some big box stores have it. You may also use water softener salt but steer away from any that have additives such as rust inhibitors. If you find food grade salt, make certain it is not iodized. Don’t be intimidated if it seems like you are adding a lot of salt to the pool. You have a lot of water and it’s only a teaspoon per gallon. Within several hours of dumping the salt over the side, it will dissolve, never to be seen again!

Now, you are ready to install the equipment; the cell and the control module. There are some installation differences between brands but basically, the plumbing job and electrical hookup are the same. It’s all simple stuff but it’s not a BBQ grill so read the instructions before cutting into anything.

I recommend starting with the plumbing. The position of the cell will be dictated largely by the location of your filter, heater, and control valves and in the next step, you will locate the power module so that the “cell cord” reaches the cell. This electric connection between the power supply and the cell is usually soldered in place and has a proprietary plug so there is no extending it. Most in-ground pools use 2″ plumbing but some are 1.5″ so figure out what you have before driving to the store. Some brands of chlorine generators are made to work with both sizes but if needed, you can buy adaptors, known as bushings. Locate the pipe that leads from the filter (or heater if you have one) and identify a section of pipe that will allow you to plumb in the cell. In most cases, you will be eliminating the plastic chlorine tablet dispenser and installing the cell in its place. Use whatever number of couplings or elbows necessary to route the water through the cell and then back to the return pipe. Having said that, try to minimize the complexity of the route and keep back pressure to a minimum. Also, when possible, provide around eight inches of straight pipe between all turns, for the same reason. Lastly, use additional pipe if necessary to raise the height of the cell for easy inspection and service. (Or go buy a pair of good knee-pads.) I won’t go into the details of gluing PVC pipe because it’s easy and most people have done it before. If this is your first time, there are some good videos via Google and the rest. I do recommend using good quality cement such as Gorilla PVC Glue or Red Hot Medium Duty PVC Cement. Dry fit everything first and be certain that it’s going to work out before gluing to the actual cell fittings. Pay attention to the direction of the water flow through the cell. With some brands it matters and with others, it does not. All good chlorine generator cells come with threaded unions so that once the cell is glued in, you can remove it easily without cutting pipe. Lastly, some brands have a flow switch that must also be plumbed in. Installing this backwards will guarantee that your unit never comes on, so again, pay attention to the direction of the water flow.

The next step is simply mounting the control module (power supply) in a spot that is easy for you to get to and also within reach of the electric cord that feeds power to the cell. In most cases, this is on the wall next to your timer or pump switch and the package will include the hardware need for this attachment. In some cases, it may be necessary to install a post for mounting the control so that every thing reaches.

The final step is connecting AC power to the unit and while many if not most do-it-yourselfers find this an easy thing, I would caution you to call an electrician if you are not totally comfortable working with electricity. A few brands offer units with plugs that simply plug into an available GFCI outlet. Most brands are made to be hardwired but could also easily be converted to the plug in variety with a $4 plug from the hardware store. Except in the Deep South and parts of Florida, most pool equipment is set up to run on 220 volts and most salt chlorinators default to this voltage. If you only have 110v at the equipment pad, speak with your vendor before ordering your system. Most will gladly set it up for 110v before shipping and save you the trouble of converting it. A description of the electrical codes that may apply to the hookup of any pool equipment is outside the scope of this article but suffice to say that they are there for a reason. You want equipment that is properly grounded and connected in a way that will not be compromised by weather or a child that tugs on a hanging wire. Do it right or not at all and call a licensed electrician if you are unsure of anything.

When everything is connected, turn on your pump and wait for the system to pressurize, checking everywhere for leaks. Once you are happy with your plumbing job, turn on the salt chlorinator and follow the set up instructions.

Congratulations. You now have a salt pool! Give your left over chlorine tablets to your brother-in-law so he can save up for his own chlorine generator. Good job!

This information provided by Don Uhle, President of Pace Research Ltd. in Houston, Texas. With his brother Ken Uhle, Don heads up PoolBids, the original web-based connection for homeowners and reputable swimming pool builders. Since 1997, PoolBids has helped over ten thousand homeowners in their quest for the ideal backyard pool and maintains a network of over 200 pre-screened pool builders throughout the continental United States. Their sister company, Discount Salt Pool, provides specialized pool equipment to pool builders and directly to the public via the website http://www.discountsaltpool.com. With a line up that includes all popular brands, Discount Salt Pool provides conversion kits, parts, and lot’s of free advice. Call them with your questions anytime at 866-766-5243.

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3M Car Care Launches Exciting Monsoon Packages in the City

3M Car Care offers a number of vehicle personalization products such as lettering and car wraps, that allow car lovers to personalize their cars with a trendy, unique look. Detailcentral.com.au offers a wide assortment of car wash products like shampoos and tools to go with them.

3M Car Care, the single organize player in car care solutions in India and a trusted partner for OEMs and after markets has announced special monsoon treatments that will help prevent rusting of car underbody and keep a check on interior germ build up which is at its peak during the monsoon.

3M Car Care, a part of the Automotive Aftermarkets Division of 3M, and the first organised car detailing service players in the City, will be offering monsoon specific treatments in addition to a host of other services at its stores in the City. Anti-Rust Protection Plus, Interior Health Plus and Exterior Shine Plus are the three monsoon packages car owners can avail at the 3M Car Care stores to keep their cars protected from the rain.

3M Car Cares unique Anti-Rust protection treatment helps prevent underbody rusting in cars- a very common phenomenon that happens almost throughout the year and specifically during monsoons in coastal areas. Prolonged rusting is equivalent to cancer and corrodes the vital underbody affecting performance and subsequently lowering its longevity. In addition to corrosion prevention, the treatment also provides sound dampening and heat insulation to ensure a smooth ride and comes with a five year warranty.

The Interior Health Plus package comprises of the unique GermKleen treatment that helps eliminate 99% of the bacteria from the car interiors removing bad odor, dust and foreign materials from the AC duct, thus improving cooling as well. Also, as a part of the treatment, the car upholstery is cleaned using a foam based solution making it possible for the owner to use his use his car sooner as the drying time is reduced.

Urging car owners to protect their cars from the monsoons, Ninad Gadgil, General Manager, Car Care Division, 3M India said I would urge people to protect their cars against the harsh monsoons as the combination of rain, mud and contaminants often lead to rusting of the underbody, germ build up and paint degradation. Ironically, many leave their cars out in the rain hoping that the rain water will clean it when in reality; it adversely affects the paint due to acid and other contaminants present in the water. We hope to be able to help car owners understand how best to keep their cars looking as good as new and are confident that they will continue to accept 3Ms cutting edge technology given our exhaustive service portfolio with warranty.

In Mumbai, 3M Car Care stores are located in Andheri East, Malad and Thane. In addition to the monsoon package, 3M Car Care also offers a range of services like car exterior refinement, 3M Scotchgard paint protection films, paint sealant treatment, car mats, car wash and Meguiars range of products specifically for the DIY enthusiasts.

Apart from car maintenance service, 3M Car Care also offers a number of vehicle personalization products such as lettering and car wraps, that allow car lovers to personalize their cars with a trendy, unique look.

3M India, the Indian arm of 3M Corporation, is the first company to have introduced organized car care services in the country as 3M Car Care which is the only brand to have maximum recognition by OEMs like Toyota, Honda, GM, Tata, Volkswagen, Ford, Mahindra etc. Currently, 3M is present at over 1400 dealerships across the Country and has over 35 stores spread across cities including Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Chennai, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Nasik, Coimbatore, Kochi and Bangalore.

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Driveway Paving: Hiring a Contractor to Pave Your Driveway

A paved driveway offers a number of advantages over one that is made of gravel. Not only does it look better but it is also easier to maintain. It also reduces the risk that your car will be scratched by a stone. Paving a driveway is a major job and it is not cheap. Therefore you have to make sure that you know how to find the best contractor for the job. In order to do this you have to know exactly what is involved in paving a driveway so that you know what to look for in a contractor’s bid. How much does a concrete driveway cost? That’s the question that most of all always ask well for me it depends of the area of your driveway and not only that the materials as well.

The most important thing that you have to look at when you are having a driveway paved is the prep work. You have to make sure that the driveway is poured on a well prepared base. This is something that you have to make sure that you discuss with your contractor. In most cases the cheapest bids that you will get will be from companies that do not do this part of the job properly. If you choose to use a cheap contractor you will find that your driveway does not last more than a couple of years.

A proper base for a driveway requires that the area be excavated to a depth of at least a foot; this is going to cost you quite a bit of money because excavating that deep is not easy. You will then need six to eight inches of aggregate put in as a sub-base. This is will support the whole driveway so it has to be done properly. The sub-base also needs to be thoroughly compacted and allow for efficient drainage of water. Make sure that any bid that you get from a contractor includes this work and that the depth and the amount of aggregate is specified in the bid.

The next part of the driveway is the base layer; this should be at least two inches thick. It is important to remember when you are getting a bid for your driveway that the bid specify that the base be at a compacted thickness of two inches. If not you may find that they pour two inches of asphalt and then compact it down to a much smaller amount. Two inches is necessary to make sure that your driveway can support the weight of your car.

After the base layer is done the final step in paving a driveway is the top layer which should be at least one and a half inches thick. The important thing here is to make sure that the proper asphalt mix is used. There are broadly speaking two classes of asphalt, class one is used for the base while class two is used for the top. There are a lot of different mixtures within the two classes and the right one will depend mainly on the climate where you live. For this you are largely going to have to trust that the contractor knows what he is doing and will use the proper asphalt. This is why you need to make sure that you work with somebody who has a lot of experience.

On last thing that you should make sure is included in the bid that you receive is the slope of the driveway to allow for drainage. You don’t want water pooling in the middle of your driveway so it should slope down from the center towards the sides. Normally a slope of a quarter inch for each foot of distance is ideal. A contractor will know the proper slope but you want to make sure that this is included in the bid so that there is no confusion.

Actually finding a contractor to pave your driveway should not be all that hard, there are a lot of them. The best place to start is to ask for referrals from people that you know. If you know somebody who has had their driveway paved they could probably recommend somebody. Another option is if you know any general contractors who build houses they could be a great source as they work with paving contractors all the time. The goal here is to make a list of at least five contractors that you can research further.

The next thing that you are going to want to do before you hire a paving contractor is a background check. This you can do with your state Attorney General’s office. They will be able to tell you if the contractor has had any complaints lodged against them; they will also be able to tell you if they are properly licensed. It is also a good idea to talk to the local Better Business Bureau to see if they have received any complaints about a contractor.

The next step is to contact the contractors that you are interested in and talk to them about the work that you need done. The main thing that you are looking for here is to find out how easy they are going to be to work with. You should also be able to get a good feel for whether or not they know what they are doing, it should be pretty obvious if they don’t. At this stage you are also going to want to make sure that they are bonded and insured, don’t even consider hiring a contractor who isn’t.

Once you have verified that a contractor is properly licensed, bonded and insured and that they are somebody that you are comfortable working with you will want to get bids from a few of them. You don’t need a bid from dozens of contractors, three should be sufficient. The big thing is to make sure that the bid specifies exactly what is included. This is why it is important that you know what is involved in paving a driveway so that you can make sure that everything that needs to be included is included. Once you have a few bids you will want to choose the one that will best meet your needs, rarely is this the cheapest one.

A paved driveway can really improve the look of your home. That being said depending on where you live a concrete driveway may be a better option. It is important to be able to decide which is better a paved or a concrete driveway.

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